London and the Heathrow Region

London is not an island. How the capital intersects with the wider South East is fundamental to creating a fair, successful city.

London’s relationship with its neighbouring regions requires an integrated strategic vision. This report is a presents a regional perspective on local data – looking at the Heathrow region as an economic hub, with best practice examples and evidence from the Heathrow Strategic Planning (HSPG) region. This area includes parts of West London, towns like Runnymede, Elmbridge and Slough, and Heathrow’s surrounding villages.  

The Heathrow region is home to 2.2 million residents and approximately 1.1 million jobs. Economic growth has blossomed over the past seven years, with the number of jobs increasing by 6% across the region between 2015-2022. Meanwhile, local authorities in the Heathrow region have higher levels of productivity than the UK average. Runnymede has 90% higher productivity than the UK average, Elmbridge sits at 85% higher productivity, and Slough has 67% higher productivity. This paints a picture of significant economic strength, aided by proximity to both London and Heathrow Airport.  

Yet, economic growth has not always led to local prosperity. Places like Slough are among the most deprived regions in England. Meanwhile, struggling town centres, the after-effects of the pandemic and increasing out-migration from London have given local authorities in the region a wake-up call. 

Proximity to London and Heathrow Airport have presented both unique opportunities and challenges for local authorities in the Heathrow region. These include shifting populations, changing employment opportunities (particularly following the completion of the Elizabeth line), and increasingly tight housing markets. 

This report provides unique insight into how London government should work with regions beyond the boundaries of the M25. Our research unpacks these localised patterns, considering the impact a regional integrated vision could have in boosting economic growth in London, the Wider South East, and the broader UK economy.   

This report was generously supported by

With in-kind support from